Die ägyptischen Behörden haben am Montag, 26. April 2021, neun Menschen hingerichtet, darunter einen 82-jährigen Mann. Sie waren in einem grob unfairen Prozess im Zusammenhang mit der Ermordung von 13 Beamten während eines Angriffs auf die Kerdasa-Polizeistation im August 2013 zum Tode vorurteilt worden. „Die Hinrichtungen sind ein abschreckender Beweis für die Missachtung des Rechts auf Leben und der völkerrechtlichen Verpflichtungen durch die ägyptischen Behörden“, sagt Philipp Luther, Direktor für Recherche und Engagement zum Nahen Osten und Nordafrika bei Amnesty International.
Erst in der vergangenen Woche stellte Amnesty International in ihrem neuen Bericht zur Todesstrafe fest, dass sich die Zahl der registrierten Hinrichtungen in Ägypten im Jahr 2020 verdreifacht hat. Während weltweit die Anwendung der Todesstrafe abnimmt, wurden im vorigen Jahr mindestens 107 Menschen in Ägypten hingerichtet – das Land steht damit hinter China und Iran an dritter Stelle der Staaten mit den meisten Exekutionen.
Egypt: Nine people put to death in chilling Ramadan executions
Responding to the news that the Egyptian authorities executed nine people today, including an 82-year-old man, after a grossly unfair trial, in relation to the killing of 13 police officers during an attack on Kerdasa police station in August 2013, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa Research and Advocacy Director, Philip Luther said:
“Today’s execution of nine people is a chilling demonstration of the Egyptian authorities’ disregard for the right to life and their obligations under international law.
By carrying out these executions during the holy month of Ramadan the Egyptian authorities have displayed a ruthless determination to persist with their escalating use of the death penalty.
The use of the death penalty is abhorrent in all circumstances, and in Egypt it is extremely concerning that it is used after unfair trials, with courts routinely relying on torture-tainted ‘confessions’.
These death sentences were issued following a grossly unfair trial in which defendants were denied access to their lawyers and were coerced to ‘confess’. According to international law, proceedings in capital cases must scrupulously observe fair trial standards and carrying out executions after unfair trials violates the right to life.
The Egyptian authorities must immediately put a stop to this alarming surge in executions. We call on states worldwide to take a clear stance by publicly condemning Egypt’s use of the death penalty and urging the government to immediately establish an official moratorium on executions, as a first step towards abolishing the death penalty.”
In December 2014, Giza Criminal Court convicted 184 people, sentencing 183 to death and a child to 10 years in prison in relation to the attack on Kerdasa police station. During a retrial at the Cairo Criminal Court in July 2017 20 people were sentenced to death. In September 2018, Egypt’s Court of Cassation upheld their death sentences. Nine Egyptian human rights organizations denounced the verdict, highlighting gross violations of fair trial rights including defendants being denied access to their lawyers during their detention, and during interrogation and being forced to “confess”. Three other men in the same case were executed on 4 October 2020.