China: ai ruft zu Hinrichtungsstopp auf - Ausweitung der Giftspritze keine Lösung
Amnesty International today strongly condemned the expansion of China’s
lethal injection programme and called on the Chinese authorities to accelerate
the abolition of the death penalty.
“This move goes against the spirit of the Olympic Charter for the Beijing
Olympics, which places the preservation of human dignity at the heart of
the Olympic movement. There is nothing dignified or humane in the state
killing of individuals by whatever means,” said Catherine Baber, Director
of Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific programme.
It has also taken place just weeks after the UN General Assembly adopted
a resolution calling for a worldwide moratorium on executions.
Amnesty International also challenges Jiang Xingchang’s, vice-president
of the Supreme People’s Court (SPC), to explain how lethal injection execution
is more humane than execution by shooting.
“The extension of the lethal injection programme flies in the face of
the clear international trend away from using the death penalty and ignores
the problems inherent in this punishment. Arbitrary application, miscarriages
of justice including execution of the innocent, and the cruel and inhumane
nature of the death penalty cannot be solved by changing the method of
execution, said Baber.”
According to Amnesty International, lethal injection as a method of execution
raises particular concerns. These include:
- Diverting attention from the suffering inherent
in the death penalty by suggesting that death by lethal injection is humane.
Evidence shows that it can cause convulsions and a prolonged and painful
- The potential to cause physical and mental
suffering through botched implementation.
- The involvement of health personnel in executions.
Virtually all codes of professional ethics that consider the death penalty
oppose medical or nursing participation.
Amnesty International has welcomed the Supreme People's Court review of
all death sentences passed in China (in force since January 2007), which
is expected to result in the reduction of the number of executions. Yet
the lack of transparency in the application of the death penalty in China
will make it impossible to assess or verify any change in the number of
executions being carried out.
“The Chinese authorities must take concrete steps towards the abolition
of death penalty. As a first step, China must make public the actual numbers
of people executed and radically cut the number of capital offences. A
positive legacy for the Beijing Olympics can only be achieved when China’s
world record of executions comes to an end,” said Baber.
Amnesty International, Internationales Sekretariat, 3. Januar 2008