UN ruft zu weltweitem Hinrichtungsstopp auf
The global campaign against the death penalty secured a landmark
victory on Tuesday when the United Nations General Assembly endorsed
the call for a worldwide moratorium (suspension) on executions.
In a landslide result, 104 UN member states voted in favour of the
ground-breaking resolution. 54 countries voted against, while there
were 25 abstentions.
Amnesty International welcomes this timely resolution, passed at the UN
headquarters in New York City, as a clear recognition of the
international trend towards worldwide abolition of the death penalty.
A total of 133 countries, from all regions of the world, have abolished
the death penalty in law or practice and only 25 countries carried out
executions in 2006. 91% of all known executions took place in six
countries: China, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Sudan and the USA. Recorded
executions worldwide fell by more than 25% in 2006, with a drop from at
least 2,148 in 2005 to at least 1,591.
Although not legally binding, the UN moratorium on executions
carries considerable moral and political weight. The resolution is a
reminder of member states' commitment to work towards abolition of the
death penalty. It is also an important tool to encourage retentionist
countries to review their use of the death penalty.
Amnesty International calls on countries which still use the death
penalty to establish an immediate moratorium on executions as a first
step towards abolishing capital punishment. The UN Secretary-General
will report to the General Assembly in October 2008 on states'
implementation of the resolution.
"This landmark resolution is a major step towards ending this cruel and
inhuman punishment and an important contribution to protecting human
rights," said Yvonne Terlingen, Amnesty International's Head of Office
at the UN. "The death penalty is inherently arbitrary and innocent
people are executed".
Amnesty International, Internationales Sekretariat, 18. Dezember 2007